Friday, May 12, 2017

Dogfight

WWI Dogfights and Military Aviation Advice from WWI to WWIII 
(Advice taken from a variety of sources which, in spite of a myriad of attempt at verification, may or may not be accurate, but are nonetheless good advice and generally amusing.)
Colorized WWI British bombers on a mission at the Western Front, 1918 from Great War in Colour. Photo taken mid-flight, looking over farmland with biplane in the distance. Dogfight and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
WWI British bombers on a mission at the Western Front, 1918
At the start of WWI, airplanes were used for reconnaissance. Enemy pilots would trade insults and rude hand gestures.
Photo of biplane wreck in a tree. Pilot training, 1910. Men in caps examine the site. Quote Chuck Yeager, USAF, 'If you can walk away from a landing, it’s a good landing. If you use the airplane the next day, it’s an outstanding landing.' Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Biplane crash during training, 1910 
"Try to stay in the middle of the air. Do not go near the edges of it. The edges of the air can be recognized by the appearance of ground, buildings, sea, trees and interstellar space. It is much more difficult to fly there." - Basic flight rules
Photo of WWI airplane crash in a field. Two soldiers sit in a wrecked advanced German reconnaissance aircraft known as the Walfisch (Whale). Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Crash of a WWI advanced German reconnaissance aircraft known as the Walfisch (Whale). 
"You've never been lost until you've been lost at Mach 3." - Test pilot Paul F. Crickmore
Photo of crewman of an SSZ airship prepares to drop a bomb on a suspected U-boat during a patrol of the North Sea. Quote from US Air Force Manual 'It is generally inadvisable to eject directly over the area you just bombed.' Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Crewman prepares to drop a bomb on a U-boat in the North Sea.
"Even with ammunition, the USAF is just another expensive flying club."
WWI pilots started to bring up bricks to lob at each other and pistols to take shots at anyone in range.
French pilot and observer, sitting in a biplane, demonstrate arc of machine gun fire. The pusher planes made front mounted machine guns impossible. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
French pilot and observer demonstrate the arc of machine gun fire in a pusher plane.
Eventually, the planes were modified to accommodate heavier fire power. Front mounted machine guns had to fire through the spinning propeller. A Dutch designer created a timing system to correlate propeller spin and bullets.
Photo of several biplanes flying in formation. 1914-1918. 'We do not consider that aeroplanes will be of any possible use for war purposes.' The British Secretary of State for War, 1910. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Biplanes from 1914-1918, flying in formation. 
"Their Lordships are of the opinion that they would not be of any practical use to the Naval Service." - British Admiralty, in reply to the Wright's offer of patents for their airplane, 1907.
Photo of a captured German Taube monoplane, surrounded by a group of people, on display in the courtyard of Les Invalides in Paris, in 1915. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
A captured German Taube monoplane, on display in the courtyard of Les Invalides in Paris, in 1915.
The Etrich Taube was the first military airplane to be mass-produced in Germany. Not suitable as a warplane, it was replaced by newer and more effective designs.
Photo of plane coming in to land on a wooden deck while sailors watch. 1911
On January 18, 1911, Eugene Ely, 24-years-old, was the first pilot to land an airplane on a ship. He died in a plane crash nine months later. 
"Because during World War Two I was responsible for the destruction of six aircraft, fortunately three were enemy." - Captain Ray Lancaster, USAAF, when asked why he was called 'Ace'.
Faked photo of a WWI dogfight, made by suspending models over a background photograph. Death in the Air The War Diary and Photographs of a Flying Corps Pilot, published in 1933, was determined to a fake. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Dramatic dogfight scene, created using models of aircraft suspended by string and wires.
Death in the Air: 
The War Diary and Photographs of a Flying Corps Pilot was published in 1933. Years later, the photos and diary were determined to be fake. 
Photo of a crashed WWI airplane, tangled in power lines. British soldiers examine the wreck. Quote Gann's Flying Circus. 'The only time you have too much fuels is when you are on fire. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
At the beginning of World War I, the US Airforce consisted of 18 pilots and less than a dozen airplanes.
"If the wings are traveling faster than the fuselage, it's probably a helicopter -- and therefore, unsafe."
Photo of man in a kilt parachuting to the ground. Quote from Royal Flying Air Corps justifying no use of parachutes. Parachutes in WWI at eastsussexww1.org.uk. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Practical parachutes were invented in the late 18th century.
Military leadership refused to provide parachutes for the WWI pilots assuming that the pilots would unnecessarily abandon their airplanes.
Photos of WWI airplane crash. Airplane crash into a tree. Photos collected by an officer at the Royal Naval Air Service school of flying.  Quote 'When one engine fails on a twin-engine airplane you always have enough power left to get you to the scene of the crash.' Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Photos of WWI crashes, collected by an officer at the Royal Naval Air Service school of flying.
Military controller inquired if a pilot needed assistance as his plane skidded down the tarmac when the landing gear malfunctioned. "Dunno - we ain't done crashin' yet." 
Photos of WWI Air Accident, 1918. German Friedrichshafen seaplane crashed into the peak of a large freestanding building and remains trapped in a whole in the roof. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
WWI German seaplane incident, 1918
Make your own picture record of the War.
Kodak advertising, WWI 
Snapshot of pilot instructor pointing up while flying, at Kelly Field in San Antonio TX, 1917. Photo taken with Kodak Vest Pocket Camera, designed to be small and convenient. Marketed to WWI soldiers. 'Make your own picture record of the war.' Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Pilot instructor at Kelly Field in San Antonio TX, 1917
Kodak created a Vest Pocket Kodak (VPK) or the "Soldier's Camera." The company encouraged pilots to take the portable camera with them during their flights.  
Photo of Belgian “Death’s Head” airplane, pilot Lt. Jaumotte and stand by biplane, leaning on a wing. Large skull painted on the nose of the plane. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Belgian “Death’s Head” piloted by Lt. Jaumotte with observer Lt. Wouters, 1915-1917
Responding to a test pilot crash, "What happened?" "I don't know, I just got here myself!" - Attributed to Ray Crandell (Lockheed test pilot)
Photo of a Catholic priest blessing an airplane in France, 1915. Several soldiers stand and watch. Quote "Weather forecasts are horoscopes with numbers." Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Priest blesses an airplane, France, 1915
"The Piper Cub is the safest airplane in the world; it can just barely kill you." - Attributed to Max Stanley (Northrop test pilot)

The Red Baron
WWI German flying ace, ‘The Red Baron’ in flight jacket and cap, bends down to pet his dog. 1916 Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
WWI German flying ace, The Red Baron and his dog, 1916.  
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen, The Red Baron, crashed his first time piloting a plane. By the time he died, he shot down 80 enemy aircraft in 20 months of combat, including 21 planes in the month of April 1917.
Photo of the Red Baron’s Albatros, second from the front in a long row of German airplanes. Unit tents in the background. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
The Red Baron’s Albatros, second from the front. Northern France, 1917
The Red Baron painted his Albatros red when he became a squadron commander. Other members of squadron also painted parts of their aircraft red.
They became known as "The Flying Circus" due to the unit's brightly colored aircraft and the rapidly advancing unit's use of tents, trains, and caravans.
Modern photo of seven refurbished German WWI era TRI-PLANE FIGHTER BRIGADE flying in formation. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Triplane fighter brigade. The Red Baron, and his Flying Circus.  
In 1917, Richthofen suffered a head wound during a flight. An attempt was made to keep him from flying from fear that his death would seriously undermine the morale of the German people.

Photo of The Red Baron triplane after crash and dismembered by souvenir hunters. WWI soldiers stand by the remnants of the plane. Quote by The Red Baron. 'If I should come out of this war alive, I will have more luck than brains. I like to fly, not to kill.' Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
The Red Baron Triplane, dismembered by souvenir hunters. 
In 1918, a single bullet hit The Red Baron in the chest, damaging his heart and lungs. In the last seconds of his life, he managed to retain sufficient control to make a rough landing behind enemy lines. 
Photo of the funeral of Manfred von Richthofen, The Red Baron, April 22, 1918, No.3 Squadron lays to rest an old adversary, at Bertangles Cemetery, France. A priest walks through church gates followed by Allied soldiers carry coffin as other soldiers salute. Dogfights and other stories of pilots. marchmatron.com
Funeral for The Red Baron, at Bertangles Cemetery, France, April 22, 1918
The allied soldiers held a military funeral for Richthofen and hundreds of Allied soldiers filed by to pay their respects. RAF pilots dropped canisters containing news of Richthofen’s death and pictures of his funeral over the airbase where Richthofen's squadron was stationed.
Colorized portrait of The Red Baron, Manfred von Richthofen (1892 – 1918), colored by Dana Keller
The Red Baron was 25 years old when he died.  
May 2, 1892 – April 21, 1918 
"I would become miserable if now, honoured with glory and decorations, I became a pensioner of my own dignity in order to preserve my precious life ... while every poor fellow in the trenches endures his duty exactly as I did mine." - Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen, The Red Baron
#pilot #fly #quote #WWI #ace

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